This project is supported by the GRDC, through the Maintaining Profitable Farming Systems with Retained Stubble Initiative.

All information in this report should be used as a guide only. The information should be used as part of a whole farm management program and take in to consideration, management practices and environmental conditions. Whilst every attempt has been made to ensure the accuracy of statements in this report, I K Caldwell, its agents and servants disclaim all responsibility for the statements quoted herein.